The Chickahominy are a federally recognized tribe of Virginian Indians who primarily live in Charles City County, located along the James River midway between Richmond and Williamsburg in the Commonwealth of Virginia. This area of the Tidewater is not far from where they lived in 1600, prior to English colonization. They were officially recognized by the state in 1983 and the federal government in January 2018.

The Eastern Chickahominy split from the main tribe in 1983 and were recognized separately by the state. They were also federally recognized in January 2018. They are based in New Kent County, about 25 miles (40 km) east of Richmond. Neither tribe has an Indian reservation, having lost their land to English colonists in the 18th century, but they have purchased lands that they devote to communal purposes.