The Nottoway Indian Tribe of West Virginia and Virginia and the Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) Tribe are distinct, with separate identities. Each of the contemporary tribes received state recognition in February 2010. They were among several Virginia tribes that were deprived of their land during the colonial era and their records were distorted during the early 20th century. The Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) Indian Tribe has filed their letter of intent to petition for federal recognition and hope to receive federal recognition soon.